Scottish Castles

Castles began to dot the Scottish landscape soon after the Norman Invasion in the 12th century. Scotland boasts excellent examples of medieval castle architecture. Many castles in this country feature massive stone towers and walls, built on hills, along natural waterways, by important trade crossroads, and near precarious approaches on cliffs. These castles were used extensively by medieval soldiers throughout the late 13th and early 14th centuries during the Wars of Independence.

Visitors are still amazed with massive castles such as Stirling, Falkirk, and Edinburgh, but many smaller fortifications were also important in Scotland's history. The archetypal Scottish castle is actually a tower house, which became very popular in Scotland during the late Middle Ages. Many castles have fallen in to spectacular ruin, while others have been restored to their medieval majesty.

Scotland's rugged coastlines and highlands made perfect locations for strategic fortifications. These have now become some of the most romantic destinations for travelers to Europe.